Eyelid surgery is a form of cosmetic surgery that targets the upper or lower lids or a combination of both. The purpose of this surgery is to improve poor outcomes from previous surgeries, including ptosis (drooping), under correction, overcorrection, ectropion (outward turned lower lid), and entropion (inward-turned lower lid). The surgery is performed under general anesthesia and typically only takes about an hour or two. After the surgery, your surgeon will apply several strips to your eyes. These are called eye shields or eye patches and are placed over the eyes to protect them from accidentally becoming scratched by fingernails. They are left on overnight. As soon as you wake up, you should see pretty well with both eyes. However, you need to ensure that you have it done by a Scarsdale eyelid surgery specialist to avoid any complications.
Who is a Candidate?
Typically, only patients who have noticeable problems are considered to be candidates for this surgery. To qualify, an individual must have at least one of the following:
- Palpebral Fissure (the inner or outer fold of the eyelids) wider than 3mm
- Entropion (turning inward) of less than 25 degrees
- Meibomian gland dysfunction (a condition where the meibum glands do not function properly)
All patients considered candidates for this surgery must have healthy eyes free of infection, active ocular disease, or uncontrolled dryness. A comprehensive examination by your ophthalmologist is required before you determine whether cosmetic eyelid surgery is right for you.
What to Expect
During the Surgery
The eyelid surgery is performed in a hospital or an outpatient facility under general anesthesia. The procedure involves making small incisions along the eyelids to remove excess skin and fat deposits. After your surgeon removes these, he will reconstruct them with sutures for optimum cosmetic results. In some instances, your plastic surgeon may add a layer of skin from other parts of your body to add extra fullness to the eyelid. Following this, a small amount of fat grafting may be performed to prevent any possible bags from developing in the future. Your surgeon can then use sutures and special instruments to lift your upper or lower lids where needed. The incisions will be closed with stitches.
After the Surgery
Eye patching helps to ensure that your eyes heal properly. You may even notice some swelling when you wake up, but it should go away within a week. Extra care is needed for patients who have undergone this type of surgery to avoid infection, dryness, and any other complications that might arise.
Your surgeon will place a protective shield over your eyes until you remove it after 24 hours. You may be given antibiotics and ointment around the eyes and told not to wear eye makeup or contact lenses. If you smoke, this is an excellent opportunity to quit. Smoking slows down the recovery process.
In summary, eyelid surgery is a form of cosmetic surgery that targets the upper, lower, or a combination of both lids. You may need it if you have noticeable problems with your eyelids. You will have the surgery done in an outpatient facility under general anesthesia. You will have to wear a protective shield for up to 24 hours after surgery.